Whenever someone is pregnant, she has to learn many things, especially what to eat and what not to eat when pregnant.
Fortunately, there are more foods to eat than foods to avoid during pregnancy.
You just need to be careful while designing your own pregnancy diet plan.
With that in mind, there certain foods you should consume in fewer quantities than before, while there are other foods you should avoid completely.
This is the list of those foods.
1. High mercury fish:
Mercury, which is mostly found in polluted water, is a highly toxic element.
When consumed in higher levels, it can toxify your immune system, nervous system, and kidneys.
Also, it can cause children to suffer from serious developmental problems. High amounts of mercury could be accumulated by large marine fish from the polluted seas, so while breastfeeding your child or being pregnant it is best to avoid such types of fish.
These types are: king mackerel, marlin, orange roughie, shark, swordfish, tilefish (from the Gulf of Mexico), and tune (especially bigeye tuna).
More importantly, since only certain types are high in mercury, it is best for your health to eat low mercury fish. Such types are: anchovies, cod, flounder, haddock, salmon, tilapia, and freshwater trout.
2. Undercooked/Raw fish:
Undercooked or raw fish can cause serious infections like norovirus, listeria, salmonella, and vibrio.
These infections could affect only the pregnant woman causing her uneasiness and dehydration as well as it could be harmful for the baby which might even be fatal sometimes as it could cause stillbirth,
miscarriage, premature delivery, and other serious health problems. Such bacteria are found in soil and contaminated water/plants.
3. Undercooked/Raw/Processed meat:
Same as fish, undercooked and/or raw meat can be contaminated with dangerous bacterial like listeria, e-coli, and salmonella.
Such dangerous infections might have severe consequences on your health as well as your baby’s, it can lead to stillbirth as it could lead to dangerous neurological illnesses such as blindness, epilepsy, and intellectual disabilities.
As a general rule, when pregnant do not consumed undercooked or raw meat, and do not consume processed meat unless you reheated them until they became steaming hot.
4. Raw eggs:
Same as before, raw eggs can be infected with bacteria like salmonella. Symptoms of this infection include diarrhea, vomiting, fever, nausea, and stomach cramps.
Sometimes it could affect your baby as well causing stillbirth or premature birth.
Foods which contain raw eggs are: poached eggs, lightly scrambled eggs, hollandaise sauce, homemade ice cream, homemade mayonnaise, homemade cake icings, and some homemade salad dressings.
If you cannot go without foods like ice cream or mayonnaise, you can consume commercial products since they use cooked eggs o pasteurized eggs.
5. Organ meat:
Organ meat is always a great source for nutrients like iron, zinc, Vitamin A, Vitamin B12, and selenium which are very good and important for your health as well as your baby’s.
yet, consuming too much animal-based Vitamin A can lead to miscarriage or congenital malformations.
It is important to vary the sources of your Vitamins and to consume organ meat like liver with fewer quantities like few ounces once a week.
Caffeine is a very commonly consumed element which is found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, and cocoa.
When consumed in higher levels by pregnant women, it passes quickly to the baby through the placenta, and since the baby does not yet have the necessary enzymes to metabolize caffeine, it can increase the risk of low birth weight at delivery.
So always keep an eye on how much caffeine you consume for your baby’s sake.
7. Unwashed produce:
There are many types of bacteria and parasites which might contaminate the surface of many unwashed or unpeeled fruits and vegetables. Such as: listeria, salmonella, and toxoplasma.
People with toxoplasmosis may not have any symptoms at all; however, when passed to the babies, they might not suffer from anything at birth, but after a while babies with toxoplasmosis might suffer from blindness, or intellectual disabilities.
While being pregnant, a woman should never consume unthoroughly washed or unpeeled fruits and vegetables in order to decrease the risk of contamination.
8. Unpasteurized milk/cheese/fruit juice:
Unpasteurized milk, cheese, and juice can contain many dangerous bacteria like E-coli, campylobacter, and many others.
These bacteria are very harmful to your unborn child. Such contaminations might be natural as they might occur during collection, storage, or process of the goods.
As a result, in order to decrease the risks of infection, a mother must only eat pasteurized milk, cheese, and fruit juice.
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause many severe consequences such as miscarriage, stillbirth, facial deformities, heart defects, intellectual disabilities, and some brain development problems.
That is why a pregnant woman should never consume alcohol during the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
10. Processed junk food:
While being pregnant, women must consume foods rich in protein, folate, choline, and iron.
However, eating junk food will only give you more calories, sugar, and added fats.
These latter elements will cause you to gain some weight which in return might cause you many problems during pregnancy like gestational diabetes and birth complications.
During pregnancy, women must always seek ingredients which are rich in protein, fiber, and healthy fats.